Wednesday, March 23, 2016

Linux: Increase “Open Files Limit”

Increase “Open Files Limit”

If you are getting error “Too many open files (24)” then your application/command/script is hitting max open file limit allowed by linux. You need to increase open file limit as below:

Increase limit

Per-User Limit

Open file: /etc/security/limits.conf
Paste following towards end:
*         hard    nofile      500000
*         soft    nofile      500000
root      hard    nofile      500000
root      soft    nofile      500000
500000 is fair number. I am not sure what is max limit but 999999 (Six-9) worked for me once as far as I remember.
Once you save file, you may need to logout and login again.


I read at many places that an extra step is neede for limit to change for daemon processes. I did not need following yet, but if above changes are not working for you, you may give this a try.
Open /etc/pam.d/common-session
Add following line:
session required

System-Wide Limit

Set this higher than user-limit set above.
Open /etc/sysctl.conf 
Add following:
fs.file-max = 2097152
sysctl -p
Above will increase “total” number of files that can remain open system-wide.

Verify New Limits

Use following command to see max limit of file descriptors:
cat /proc/sys/fs/file-max
Hard Limit
ulimit -Hn
Soft Limit
ulimit -Sn
if you are logged in as root:

Check limit for other user

Just replace www-data by linux username you wish to check limits for:
su - www-data -c 'ulimit -aHS' -s '/bin/bash'

Check limits of a running process:

Find process-id (PID):
ps aux | grep process-name
Suppose, XXX is PID, then run following commands to check limits:
cat /proc/XXX/limits

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